Abstract. Medicalization is the process by which nonmedical problems become defined and treated as medical problems often requiring medical treatment. The term medicalization first appeared in the sociology literature and focused on deviance, but it soon expanded to examine other human conditions.
The Medicalization of Obesity Examples of medicalized disorders include menopause, alcoholism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anorexia, infertility, sleep disorders, and erectile dysfunction (ED) .
One may also ask, why does medicalization occur? Medicalization can be driven by new evidence or hypotheses about conditions; by changing social attitudes or economic considerations; or by the development of new medications or treatments.
processes." Examples of medicalized deviance include: madness, alcoholism, homosexuality, opiate addiction, hyperactivity and learning disabilities in children, eating problems from overeating (obesity) to undereating (an- orexia), child abuse, compulsive gambling, infertility, and transexualism, among others.
Medicalization, and its developments, is the main component of the bionic society of today. Medicalization can be defined as the process by which some aspects of human life come to be considered as medical problems, whereas before they were not considered pathological.
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Examples of formal deviance include robbery, theft, rape, murder, and assault. The second type of deviant behavior involves violations of informal social norms (norms that have not been codified into law) and is referred to as informal deviance.
Labeling theory posits that self-identity and the behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. It is associated with the concepts of self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping. Labeling theory was developed by sociologists during the 1960s.
Medicalization is the process by which nonmedical problems become defined and treated as medical problems often requiring medical treatment. The term medicalization first appeared in the sociology literature and focused on deviance, but it soon expanded to examine other human conditions.
Major biological transitions that women experience, such as childbirth and menopause, are often medicalized in U.S. culture. The term medicalization refers to treating a natural process as if it were a medical condition requiring intervention.
Medicalization refers to the process in which health conditions and behaviors are labeled and treated as medical issues. Thus, while infertility used to be just a common part of life for some couples, it is now a medical problem that can be treated. That is medicalization. Another example is obesity.
Many argue that the process of medicalization does bring health benefits for millions of people around the world. One such benefit is that, in recognizing a condition as a disease or disorder, certain conditions can be treated that affect the experience and quality of life.
Medicalization describes a process by which human problems come to be defined and treated as medical problems. Obesity is a chronic disease that is often progressive. In recent years obesity has come to be known as a medical condition.
The term "healthism" was most likely first used by the political economist Robert Crawford, whose article "Healthism and the medicalization of everyday life" was published in 1980.
In order to discuss over-medicalization of a phenomenon, the latter must be demonstrated to have been wrongly recognised as a medical problem, whereas in fact it is e.g. a political or a cultural one—or it has been simply misinterpreted as a problem in the first place.
Medicalization occurs when previously nonmedical problems become defined and treated as medical problems, usually in terms of an illness or disorder.
The medicalization of deviance thus refers to the process whereby non-normative or morally condemned appearance (obesity, unattractiveness, shortness), belief (mental disorder, racism), and conduct (drinking, gambling, sexual practices) come under medical jurisdiction.
Healthism is "the preoccupation with personal health as a primary – often the primary – focus for the definition and achievement of well-being; a goal which is to be attained primarily through the modification of life styles."
Deviance is any behavior that violates social norms, and is usually of sufficient severity to warrant disapproval from the majority of society. Deviance can be criminal or non-criminal. The sociological discipline that deals with crime (behavior that violates laws) is criminology (also known as criminal justice).
Obesity is a chronic disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity affects 42.8% of middle-age adults. Obesity is closely related to several other chronic diseases, including heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, certain cancers, joint diseases, and more.
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