What is medicalization in sociology?


Sage Furnell   |   Member since 2012  |  10+ Answers Submitted  |  ✔ Verified

Abstract. Medicalization is the process by which nonmedical problems become defined and treated as medical problems often requiring medical treatment. The term medicalization first appeared in the sociology literature and focused on deviance, but it soon expanded to examine other human conditions.

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Liam Lindsay   |   Member since 2017  |  10+ Answers Submitted  |  ✔ Verified

Beside this, what are some examples of medicalization?

The Medicalization of Obesity Examples of medicalized disorders include menopause, alcoholism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anorexia, infertility, sleep disorders, and erectile dysfunction (ED) [3].

One may also ask, why does medicalization occur? Medicalization can be driven by new evidence or hypotheses about conditions; by changing social attitudes or economic considerations; or by the development of new medications or treatments.


Mark Jarvis   |   Member since 2008  |  10+ Answers Submitted  |  ✔ Verified

In this regard, what is an example of medicalization of deviance?

processes." Examples of medicalized deviance include: madness, alcoholism, homosexuality, opiate addiction, hyperactivity and learning disabilities in children, eating problems from overeating (obesity) to undereating (an- orexia), child abuse, compulsive gambling, infertility, and transexualism, among others.


Julian Yoman   |   Member since 2014  |  10+ Answers Submitted  |  ✔ Verified

What does the medicalization of society describe?

Medicalization, and its developments, is the main component of the bionic society of today. Medicalization can be defined as the process by which some aspects of human life come to be considered as medical problems, whereas before they were not considered pathological.


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Related Answered Questions

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Ethan Cork   |   Member since 2013  |  ✔ Verified

What are examples of deviance?

Examples of formal deviance include robbery, theft, rape, murder, and assault. The second type of deviant behavior involves violations of informal social norms (norms that have not been codified into law) and is referred to as informal deviance.


Nate Umney   |   Member since 2014  |  ✔ Verified

What is labeling theory in sociology?

Labeling theory posits that self-identity and the behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. It is associated with the concepts of self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping. Labeling theory was developed by sociologists during the 1960s.


Zara Nicolas   |   Member since 2015  |  ✔ Verified

What is the medicalization of health and illness?

Medicalization is the process by which nonmedical problems become defined and treated as medical problems often requiring medical treatment. The term medicalization first appeared in the sociology literature and focused on deviance, but it soon expanded to examine other human conditions.


David Parr   |   Member since 2013  |  ✔ Verified

What is the medicalization of women's health?

Major biological transitions that women experience, such as childbirth and menopause, are often medicalized in U.S. culture. The term medicalization refers to treating a natural process as if it were a medical condition requiring intervention.


Tom Campbell   |   Member since 2019  |  ✔ Verified

What is the medicalization of behavior?

Medicalization refers to the process in which health conditions and behaviors are labeled and treated as medical issues. Thus, while infertility used to be just a common part of life for some couples, it is now a medical problem that can be treated. That is medicalization. Another example is obesity.


Jayden Ventura   |   Member since 2005  |  ✔ Verified

What are the benefits of medicalization?

Many argue that the process of medicalization does bring health benefits for millions of people around the world. One such benefit is that, in recognizing a condition as a disease or disorder, certain conditions can be treated that affect the experience and quality of life.


Hadley Murphy   |   Member since 2016  |  ✔ Verified

Is obesity medicalized?

Medicalization describes a process by which human problems come to be defined and treated as medical problems. Obesity is a chronic disease that is often progressive. In recent years obesity has come to be known as a medical condition.


Daphne Craig   |   Member since 2015  |  ✔ Verified

Who coined the term Healthism?

The term "healthism" was most likely first used by the political economist Robert Crawford, whose article "Healthism and the medicalization of everyday life" was published in 1980.


Chad Walter   |   Member since 2006  |  ✔ Verified

How is medicalization different from medicalization?

In order to discuss over-medicalization of a phenomenon, the latter must be demonstrated to have been wrongly recognised as a medical problem, whereas in fact it is e.g. a political or a cultural one—or it has been simply misinterpreted as a problem in the first place.


Juliette Owens   |   Member since 2008  |  ✔ Verified

What is medicalization of mental illness?

Medicalization occurs when previously nonmedical problems become defined and treated as medical problems, usually in terms of an illness or disorder.


Courtney Butler   |   Member since 2018  |  ✔ Verified

What is medicalization of deviance in sociology?

The medicalization of deviance thus refers to the process whereby non-normative or morally condemned appearance (obesity, unattractiveness, shortness), belief (mental disorder, racism), and conduct (drinking, gambling, sexual practices) come under medical jurisdiction.


Fred Olson   |   Member since 2020  |  ✔ Verified

What defines Healthism?

Healthism is "the preoccupation with personal health as a primary – often the primary – focus for the definition and achievement of well-being; a goal which is to be attained primarily through the modification of life styles."


Anthony Yarwood   |   Member since 2011  |  ✔ Verified

What is deviance theory?

Deviance is any behavior that violates social norms, and is usually of sufficient severity to warrant disapproval from the majority of society. Deviance can be criminal or non-criminal. The sociological discipline that deals with crime (behavior that violates laws) is criminology (also known as criminal justice).


Tania Casey   |   Member since 2013  |  ✔ Verified

Is obesity a disease?

Obesity is a chronic disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity affects 42.8% of middle-age adults. Obesity is closely related to several other chronic diseases, including heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, certain cancers, joint diseases, and more.


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