Maturity indices are the sign or indication the readiness of the commodity for harvest. It is the basis for determining harvest date. A. Physiological maturity : It refers to the stage in the development of the fruits and vegetables when maximum growth and maturation has occurred.
Importance of maturity indices : • Ensure sensory quality (flavour, colour, aroma, texture) and nutritional quality. Ensure an adequate postharvest shelf life. Facilitate scheduling of harvest and packing operations. Facilitate marketing over the phone or through internet.
Additionally, what is the maturity indices of tomato? Maturity indices for determining harvest time of tomato is a combination of fruit age, diameter and color, because these correlate significantly with physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics including total soluble solids (TSS), total titrable acidity (TTA) and protein content.
MATURITY. It is the stage of fully development of tissue of fruit and vegetables only after which it will ripen normally. During the process of maturation the fruit receives a regular supply of food material from the plant. When mature, the abscission or corky layer which forms at the stern end stops this inflow.
For grain crops, harvest index (HI) is the ratio of harvested grain to total shoot dry matter, and this can be used as a measure of reproductive efficiency.
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There is mental, physical, emotional, somatic growth and development in the child. Some of the changes are even genetic in mature. During one's lifetime, there are many types of maturation. But the two most important kinds of maturity during childhood are physical and cognitive maturation.
There are three major groups of timber harvest practices; clearcutting, shelterwood and selection systems. While each are different and are applied to specific forest types, they have three things in common: They provide wood fiber for thousands of every-day products.
As adjectives the difference between mature and ripe is that mature is fully developed; grown up in terms of physical appearance, behaviour or thinking; ripe while ripe is ready for reaping or gathering; having attained perfection; mature; -- said of fruits, seeds, etc; as, ripe grain.
The importance of rainwater harvesting lies in the fact that it can be stored for future use. Just as it can be used directly so also the stored water can be utilized to revitalize the ground level water and improve its quality. Harvesting rainwater checks surface run off of water and reduces soil erosion.
Maturity at harvest is the most important factor that determines storage-life and final fruit quality. Immature fruits are more subject to shrivelling and mechanical damage, and are of inferior flavour quality when ripe. Overripe fruits are likely to become soft and mealy with insipid flavour soon after harvest.
The action of the enzymes cause the ripening responses. Chlorophyll is broken down and sometimes new pigments are made so that the fruit skin changes color from green to red, yellow, or blue. Acids are broken down so that the fruit changes from sour to neutral. The degradation of starch by amylase produces sugar.
The maturity index for a commodity is a measurement or measurements that can be used to determine whether a particular example of the commodity is mature. These indices are important to the trade in fresh fruits and vegetables for several reasons. Trade regulations.
to face water problem in the future. 1. Introduction. Harvest index is defined as the economical yield (grain yield) of the crop expressed as a decimal fraction. of the total biological yield, but the clearly meant total aboveground dry matter production.
Maturity Indices Percent of dry matter is highly correlated with oil content and is used as a maturity index in California and most other avocado production areas; minimum dry matter required ranges from 19 to 25%, depending on cultivar (19.0% for 'Fuerte', 20.8% for 'Hass', and 24.2% for 'Gwen').
The maturity of fruits and vegetables generally refers to the attachment of the last stage of the biological function of the part of a plant or the complete plant. It can also be a specific stage in the plant life of the fruit in which they grow to the maximum size.
Maturity is the harvest index most widely used in fruits. However, physiological maturity needs to be distinguished from commercial maturity. The former is reached when development is over. It may or may not be followed by the ripening process to achieve the commercial maturity required by the market.
Maturity (psychological) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In psychology, maturity is the ability to respond to the environment being aware of the correct time and location to behave and knowing when to act, according to the circumstances and the culture of the society one lives in.
The biological yield refers to the total dry matter accumulation of a plant system. Improved harvest index represents increased physiological capacity to mobilize photosynthates and translocate them into organs having economic yield.
Postharvest physiology is the scientific study of the physiology of living plant tissues after picking. It has direct applications to postharvest handling in establishing the storage and transport conditions that best prolong shelf life.
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